Natural Gas Pipelines

Natural Gas Pipelines

Three major types of pipelines are found along the transportation route bringing natural gas from the point of production to the point of use. Gathering pipeline systems gather raw natural gas from production wells and transport it to large cross-country transmission pipelines. Transmission pipeline systems transport natural gas thousands of miles from processing facilities across many parts of the continental United States. Natural gas distribution pipeline systems can be found in thousands of communities from coast to coast, and distribute natural gas to homes and businesses through large distribution lines mains and service lines. Including both onshore and offshore lines, there are over 300,000 miles of interstate and intrastate transmission pipelines, and 2.1 million miles of distribution pipelines.


Marcellus Shale

The Marcellus Shale remains one of the most prolific plays in North America, in terms of both acreage and reserve potential. It is among the fastest growing sources of natural gas production in the United States, rising from less than 1.7 Bcf/d at the beginning of 2010 to 16.4 Bcf/d in July 2015. In Pennsylvania alone, according to state data, operators produced more than 4 Tcf of natural gas -- mostly from the Marcellus Shale -- in 2014 (see Shale Daily, Feb. 17, 2015).

Much of the industry activity to date in the Marcellus has centered in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, where thousands of wells have been drilled. There has been limited drilling in East Ohio and Western Maryland as well. In Ohio, where operators typically drill the Marcellus from multi-well pads that share the Utica, just 43 Marcellus wells have been permitted and 28 have been drilled, according to state data at the time of this writing. The formation is also considered highly prospective in Southern New York, but a ban on high-volume hydraulic fracturing in that state currently prevents any development there

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Dominion - Cove Point LNG Terminal

Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP (DCP) is a subsidiary of Dominion Resources, Inc. (DRI).  DCP owns the Cove Point LNG Terminal, as well as an 88-mile gas pipeline connecting the Terminal to the interstate pipeline grid.  The Cove Point LNG Terminal currently has peak daily send-out capacity of 1.8 billion cubic feet (Bcf) and on-site LNG storage capacity of the equivalent of 14.6 Bcf (or 678,900 cubic meters of LNG). DCP’s 88-mile gas pipeline, which has firm transportation capacity of 1.8 Bcf, connects the Terminal to the major Mid-Atlantic gas transmission systems of Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (“Transco”), Columbia Gas Transmission, LLC (“Columbia”) and Dominion Transmission, Inc. (DTI). DTI is an interstate gas transmission business unit of DRI.

The Dominion Cove Point Pipeline has a capacity of 1.8 Bcfd, more than adequate to carry gas to the proposed 1.0 Bcfd liquefaction facility. It has interconnects with Dominion Transmission, Columbia Gas Transmission, and Transcontinental Pipe Line.   Dominion Transmission, operator of Cove Point, operates one of the largest underground natural gas storage systems in the United States, with links to other major pipelines. Much of this infrastructure is within the boundaries of the Marcellus shale, supporting its ability to deliver feed gas to the proposed liquefaction project.

United States Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines

Minor interstate pipelines[edit]

  • ANR Storage Company
  • Arkansas Western Pipeline, L. L. C
  • Black Marlin Pipeline Company
  • Blue Dolphin Pipe Line Company
  • Blue Lake Gas Storage Company
  • Boundary Gas, Incorporated
  • B-R Pipeline Company
  • Canyon Creek Compression Company
  • Caprock Pipeline Company
  • Carolina Gas Transmission, a SCANA Company (formerly SCG Pipeline Inc./South Carolina Pipeline Corp)
  • Central Kentucky Transmission Company
  • Central New York Oil And Gas Company, LLC
  • Chandeleur Pipe Line Company
  • Cheyenne Plains Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.
  • Cotton Valley Compression LLC
  • Clear Creek Storage Company, LLC
  • Crossroads Pipeline Company
  • Discovery Gas Transmission LLC
  • Dauphin Island Gathering Partners
  • Destin Pipeline Company, L.L.C.
  • Distrigas Corporation
  • Dominion South Pipeline Co., LP
  • Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company
  • Egan Hub Storage, LLC (d/b/a Spectra Energy)
  • EMKEY Gathering LLC[7]
  • Enbridge Pipelines (Alatenn) L.L.C. (formerly, Alabama-Tennessee)
  • Enbridge Pipelines (Midla) L.L.C. (formerly, Mid-Louisiana)
  • Enbridge Pipelines (Kpc)
  • Equitrans, L. P.
  • Energy West Development, Inc.
  • Freebird Gas Storage, L.L.C.
  • Garden Banks Gas Pipeline, LLC
  • Gas Gathering Corporation
  • Gasdel Pipeline System, Inc.
  • Gulf States Transmission Corporation
  • Great Lakes Gas Transport, L.L.C.
  • Guardian Pipeline, L.L.C.
  • Granite State Gas Transmission, Inc.
  • Honeoye Storage Corporation
  • Horizon Pipeline Company, L.L.C.
  • Iroquois Gas Transmission System, L.P.
  • The Inland Gas Company
  • Centra Pipelines Minnesota Inc.
  • Jupiter Energy Corporation
  • KO Transmission Company
  • Kentucky West Virginia Gas Company
  • Louisiana-Nevada Transit Company
  • Markwest New Mexico L.P. (Pinnacle)
  • Millennium Pipeline Company, L.P.
  • MIGC, Inc.
  • Michigan Consolidated Gas Company
  • Michigan Gas Storage Company
  • Midwest Gas Storage, Inc.
  • Mississippi Canyon Gas Pipeline, LLC
  • Missouri Interstate Gas, LLC
  • Mobile Bay Pipeline Company
  • Mojave Pipeline Company
  • Ngo Transmission, Inc.
  • Nora Transmission Company
  • Norteño Pipeline Company
  • North Baja Pipeline, LLC
  • North Penn Gas Company
  • Oktex Pipeline Company
  • Overthrust Pipeline Company
  • Ozark Gas Transmission, L. L. C.
  • Penn-York Energy Corporation
  • Gas Transmission Northwest Corp.
  • Pacific Interstate Transmission Company
  • Paiute Pipeline Company
  • Petal Gas Storage, L. L. C.
  • Pine Needle LNG Company, LLC (peak shaving storage — not an import terminal)
  • Puget Sound Energy, Inc.
  • Richfield Gas Storage System
  • Riverside Pipeline Company, L. P.
  • Sabine Pipe Line Company LLC
  • Saltville Gas Storage Company L.L.C.
  • Sea Robin Pipeline Company, LLC
  • Southwest Gas Storage Company
  • Steuben Gas Storage Company
  • T C P Gathering Co.
  • Total Peaking Services, L. L. C.
  • Tuscarora Gas Transmission Company
  • Trans-Union Interstate Pipeline, L.P.
  • TransColorado Gas Transmission Company
  • Vector Pipeline L.P.
  • Venice Gathering System, L. L. C.
  • Washington Natural Gas Company
  • West Texas Gas, Inc.
  • Western Gas Interstate Company
  • Western Transmission Corporation
  • Westgas Interstate, Inc.
  • Young Gas Storage Company, Ltd.
  • Wyoming Interstate Company, Ltd.
  • Portland General Electric Company
  • Nornew Energy Supply, Inc.
  • Phillips Gas Pipeline Company
  • U S G Pipeline Company

(Pipeline 101, Wiki, DOI-FE, Natural Gas Intel