Nuclear Power History

Nuclear Power History

Indian Point Energy Center (IPEC)

AAEA has supported the operation of IPEC for 16 years beginning in 2001.  AAEA participated as an intervenor in the State Pollution Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) and Water Quality Certification (WQC) permits adjudication for 13 years.  Entergy recently negotiated a closure of IPEC Units 2 and 3 in 2021 and 2022 respectively.  The IPEC Closure Agreement includes approval of those water permits and approval of the Coastal Zone Management Certification.  AAEA will continue to support the operation of IPEC and would like to see the facility get a 20-year license renewal from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). 

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San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station

Center president Norris McDonald toured the San Onofre nuclear power plant on July 6, 2005. 

San Onofre is a beautiful facility located north of San Diego on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. 

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Units 2 and 3 provide enough power for approximately 2 million homes. 

No smog forming or greenhouse gases are emitted from the plant.

San Onofre uses Pacific Ocean water to cool process steam from the generating station. 

The decommissioning of Unit 1 was also interesting. 

San Onofre was at its location before Highway 5 was built right behind the facility. 

San Onofre is owned and operated by Southern California Edison. 

 

Clinton Nuclear Power Plant

AAEA has participated in the three Early Site Permit (ESP) hearings sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). AAEA also attended the Combined Operating License (COL) meeting between Duke Power and NRC. Descriptions of these activities are below.

Exelon Wants To Build New Nuclear Plants

Exelon is the nation's largest nuclear operator, with 17 reactors in Illinois, Pennsylvania and New Jersey.  Exelon, corporate parent of Commonwealth Edison, is in the earliest stages of seeking regulatory approval for the new reactor in Clinton, where an older nuclear plant has operated since 1987.  Antinuclear activists are trying to block construction of a new nuclear plant in Clinton, Ill., about 20 miles south of Bloomington. 

The March 9, 2005 preliminary recommendation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) on the draft environmental impact statement on Exelon General Company's Early Site Permit request to build a new nuclear generating facility in Clinton, Illinois found no environmental reasons to prevent construction. .The NRC will make a decision on the Early Site Permit application in August. 2006. The Center believes this process takes far too long (Exelon applied for the permit in 2003). Public comments on the action can be submitted to ClintonEIS@nrc.gov

Michael Stuart, Delbert Horn, Sandy McDonald, Norris McDonald, Kelly Taylor

Michael Stuart, Delbert Horn, Sandy McDonald, Norris McDonald, Kelly Taylor

AAEA & NA-YGN Travel To Clinton, Illinois To Support Exelon ESP At NRC Hearing. AAEA President Norris McDonald and his son Sandy McDonald, along with representatives of the North American Young Generation in Nuclear (NA-YGN)traveled by car from Virginia to Clinton in DeWitt County, Illinois to rally in favor of an Early Site Permit for Exelon's proposal to build a new nuclear power plant next to its current facility.  They were joined by dozens of other NA-YGN members and almost 200 supporters from the local community.  They drove 13 hours in a van from Virginia to Clinton, Illinois and then drove 13 hours back to Virginia.

Kelly Taylor is also a member of African American Environmentalist Association. The hearing was held on April 19, 2005.

McDonald, Delbert Horn, Howard King, Michael Stuart, Kelly Taylor in dosimetry area

McDonald, Delbert Horn, Howard King, Michael Stuart, Kelly Taylor in dosimetry area

The AAEA/NA-YGN contingent toured the Clinton Power Station.  It is a Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) and the Radiological Control Area (RCA) includes the turbine building.  After being issued dosimetry, they took a tour of the station, including a view of the fuel building, turbine building, and inside the containment dome (at power) where they could see the top of the reactor vessel covered with water. Howard King (pictured at left-center) conducted the tour.

 

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The blue superstructure (pictured at right) around the actual containment provides an additional layer of protection and emission control. The same type of blue superstructure also covers the generation building.

The NRC hearing on the draft environmental impact statement on Exelon General Company's Early Site Permit request was held at Clinton Junior High School. Exelon filed an application on September 25, 2003 for an Early Site Permit, pursuant to Title 10 Code of the Federal Regulations Part 52 (10CFR part 52). Iif approved, the permit will give Exelon up to 20 years to decide whether to build one or more nuclear plants on the site and to file an application with the NRC for approval to begin construction. Approximately 300 people attended the hearing and the majority of them were in favor of Clinton's ESP.  AAEA and NA-YGN distributed 153 "Nuclear YES! Because We Care About the Air" stickers that made it very easy to identify the pro-nuclear people in attendance.  Unfortunately, not everyone who wanted one was able to get one.  Approximately 20 speakers opposed and 24 speakers favored the Clinton's ESP.

Norris McDonald Speaking at NRC Hearing in Clinton, Illinois

Norris McDonald Speaking at NRC Hearing in Clinton, Illinois

North Anna

The African American Environmentalist Association has participated in the three Early Site Permit (ESP) hearings sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). AAEA also attended the Combined Operating License (COL) meeting between Duke Power and NRC. Descriptions of these activities are below.

Dominion Resources Wants to Build A New Nuclear Plant

NRC Hearing For New Plant at North Anna Power Station

February 17, 2005 -- The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) held a hearing on the draft environmental impact statement for Dominion's early site permit to build a new nuclear power plant or plants at its current facility. The hearing was in Mineral, Virginia. Dominion Resources Inc., a utility based in Richmond, Va, applied for an early site permit, which would provide the company an option to consider new nuclear generation among other generating options in the future at North Anna Power Station, in September 2003.  AAEA attended the hearing and made a brief statement.  AAEA supports building two new nuclear power plants at the Dominion site.

McDonald at North Anna nuclear power plant

McDonald at North Anna nuclear power plant

At the meeting, the NRC explained the results of its draft environmental impact statement and accepted comments from the floor. The NRC, in announcing the public meeting late last year, stated it had reached a preliminary conclusion that the environmental impacts would not prevent issuing an early site permit for North Anna. If the permit is approved, the company would have up to 20 years to decide whether to build one or more nuclear reactors there.  The NRC will issue a final environmental impact statement after the public comment period, which ends March 1, 2005.

Grand Gulf

AAEA participated in NRC meetings on the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station Unit 3 on three occassions: June 2005, February 2008 and June 2008.

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) held two public environmental scoping meetings at the Port Gibson City Hall in Port Gibson, Mississippi on June 19, 2008. The meetings are part of NRC's review of an application submitted by Entergy Operations Inc (EOI) for a combined license (COL) for construction and operation of a new nuclear power plant at it Grand Gulf Nuclear Station (GGNS) site in Claiborne County, Mississippi. The first meeting was held at 1 p.m. and the second meeting was held at 7 p.m. The NRC presented an overview of the COL environmental review process and described how the process will be implemented for the review of the GGNS COL application. The Center participated in the meetings (see videos below).

The proposed new reactor, designated GGNS Unit 3, would be located within a 2,100 acre site, situated approximately 6 miles northwest of Port Gibson, Mississippi. EOI currently operates one reactor, GGNS Unit 1 on the site and plans to construct Unit 3 adjacent to the existing reactor. Plans for a unit 2 never happened, but to avoid confusion, the proposed unit is being designated Unit 3. The construction site cleared for GGNS Unit 3 covrs approximately 234 acres within EOI's 2,100 acre site.

EOI submitted the application for the COL by letter dated February 27, 2008. The application was accepted for docketing on April 24, 2008. The application is liste under NRC's Agencywide Documents Access Management System (ADAMS)under accession number ML080640433. 

In addition, roughly 30 NRC staffers visited Mississippi to gather data at Grand Gulf on June 16 and met with the New Plant organization June 17 through June 18.

The NRC cannot issue a combined license for Grand Gulf Unit 3 without first certifying that the Economic Simplified Bowling Water Reactor (ESBWR) design, which is currently under review, meets NRC regulations.

The African American Environmentalist Association (AAEA) presented testimony at the June 29, 2005 Early Site Permit (ESP) hearing in Port Gibson, Mississippi. AAEA has participated in four other ESP hearings (Grand Gulf, North Anna, Clinton, Illinois, Calvert Cliffs) sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The Center also attended the Combined Operating License (COL) meeting for Duke Power at NRC headquarters in Rockville, Maryland. Descriptions of these activities are below.

June 28, 2005

February 28, 2008

February 28, 2008

The NRC issued its final environmental impact statement on the proposed early site permit (ESP) for the Grand Gulf site in Mississippi. The NRC found no environmental impacts that would prevent issuing an ESP for the site.

Mayor Arnold & Norris McDonald

Mayor Arnold & Norris McDonald

Entergy Corp. of New Orleans is looking at building a nuclear plant near Port Gibson, Mississippi. The NRC DEIS hearing was held on June28, 2005. AAEA presented testimony at the hearing. The City of Port Gibson and surrounding Claiborne County in Mississippi voted unanimously on December 2004 to urge the Entergy Corporation, which already operates one reactor here, to build a second. Amelda J. Arnold, the city's mayor, city aldermen, County Board of Supervisors and County NAACP all support a new plant. This support is the exact opposite of that in New York, where town and county governments are trying to close two Entergy reactors at

Allen Burks, Norris McDonald & Derry Bigby at Control Room

Allen Burks, Norris McDonald & Derry Bigby at Control Room

Indian Point in Westchester County. Predominantly white (71%) Westchester County in New York opposes their plant while predominantly black (85%) Claiborne County in Mississippi supports their plant. Both nuclear power plants are owned by Entergy.

AAEA members Derry Bigby and Joe Downey accompanied the Center president Norris McDonald to Port Gibson, Mississippi to scope the area and participate in the NRC ESP hearing. Bigby and McDonald toured the Grand Gulf nuclear power plant and met with company officials. They also met with County Administrator James E. Miller and Jim Johnson, Community Development & Outreach Director for the Board of Supervisors.

                         Port Gibson Hospital

                         Port Gibson Hospital

The Center visited the Claiborne County Hospital in Port Gibson (pictured below) to ascertain the adequacy of the facility to meet the needs of the local community. The Claiborne County Hospital is a 32-bed "Critical Access" facility offering inpatient, outpatient emergency and ancillary care. It is located at 123 McComb Avenue in Port Gibson, MS, 39150, approximately 25 miles South of Vicksburg, MS; 45 miles North of Natchez, MS; and 60 miles Southwest of Jackson, MS. CCH's healthcare team consists of a medical staff comprised of local doctors (on call, not at facility), consulting specialists, ER providers, nurse practitioners, licensed nurses and ancillary staff, therapists, social workers, and other professional administrative and support staff. For more information call (601) 437-5141. 

We believe the Claiborne County Hospital in Port Gibson (pictured above) could be expanded and improved. Additional taxes, or fees in-lieu of taxes, from a new plant could be used to support and expand the medical services in Port Gibson.

AAEA President Norris McDonald also appeared on WLBT-Channel 3 television in Jackson, Mississippi with E. James Reinsch, Senior Vice President, President, Bechtel Nuclear. (At Right)

Exelon and Entergy are part of a multi-company consortium, called NuStart Energy, that is seeking to prepare a license application for a plant. 

The unemployment rate is in the double digits in Claiborne County and a new plant would bring jobs to the county. Currently, at least 100 local residents are among the company's more than 700 employees, and Entergy pays about $680,000 a year in city taxes, more than a third of the budget.

Early in the process, antinuclear groups tried to argue that building another reactor in Claiborne County, which is about 85 percent African-American, was an example of "environmental racism," putting undesirable facilities in poor, minority towns. But the mayor, the county supervisor and the NAACP, all African-American, rejected that idea. The NRC also rejected the environmental justice challenge.

                                  Pro-Nuclear Activists at NRC Hearing (2005)

                                  Pro-Nuclear Activists at NRC Hearing (2005)

Pro-Nuclear Rally on Steps of Capitol in Jackson, Mississippi (2005)

Pro-Nuclear Rally on Steps of Capitol in Jackson, Mississippi (2005)

Port Gibson, Mississippi Mayor Amelda Arnold and Center President Norris McDonald Spoke at the Pro-Nuclear Rally on the State Capitol Steps (2005)

Port Gibson, Mississippi Mayor Amelda Arnold and Center President Norris McDonald Spoke at the Pro-Nuclear Rally on the State Capitol Steps (2005)